Tongue and lip ties, especially POSTERIOR tongue ties, are so often under diagnosed, and improperly treated (if treated at all) - it makes me frustrated just to think about it. This is not just a breastfeeding issue. Tongue ties can and do cause reflux, dysphagia, tooth decay, difficulty with speech, and anecdotally headaches,tongue, neck and jaw pain in adults. Unfortunately, at this point it is mostly up to parents to diagnose themselves, I hope these pictures of my daughter can help!
N’s tongue at birth. This is a full cry, and as high as she could lift her tongue. She could, however, stick it passed her lips, which was the rationale the first ENT and pediatrician used to say she was not tongue-tied. It is very difficult to see a frenulum without special tools to lift the tongue. You can see the tongue is cupped, and when inserting a finger (nail side down) for her to suck her tongue would put pressure on the knuckle and not the nail, indicating she was unable to make the “wave-like” motion to suck). She could not transfer breastmilk and could barely transfer bottle milk. If you ran your finger under her tongue you could feel a “speed bump,” or in other words a “restriction” – your finger could not slide smoothly from one side of her mouth to the other at the base of her tongue. You can also see a little white thrush (yeast) in her cheeks here – she could not clean her mouth with her tongue, allowing for thrush to grow, this is the same reason people with tongue ties are more likely to have tooth decay.
Unfortunately we later found out the ENT who first revised N’s tongue only lasered the anterior tie, not the posterior tie. This picture shows again how hard it is to see a frenulum when it is a posterior tongue tie (wider, thicker, and further back). You can see here, though, that even after the anterior portion of the tie was removed she still cannot fully lift her tongue when he mouth is open. One should by able to lift their tongue at least 2/3, better yet all the way to the hard pallet, with their mouth wide open and no straining or pain. This is when I started to realize I have a tongue tie too. Someone had mentioned to me when my son was a baby and my milk dried up (something that often happens to mothers who are breastfeeding tongue-tied babies) and I compared his tongue to mine and assumed that he was not tongue-tied. Well, actually we both are. Tongue tie is a common and genetic midline birth defect.
This is also after the first revision with ENT. Even though her tongue is pretty well lifted here, I had to use incredible force, and it took me many tries to get this picture. You can see the webbed skin attaching the tongue tightly to the floor of her mouth, that is the “tie,” which looked completely hidden without the strong pressure. These photos were taken about 2 months after the first revision and sent to Dr. Kotlow (pediatric dentist and world expert in tongue tie) for review (he was also aware of our other issues such as reflux, poor milk transfer, failure to thrive, low milk supply, sore and damaged nipples, possible dysphagia, disorganized suck/swallow/breathe sequence etc). He responded with in minutes, telling me it had been improperly revised the first time and was still very restricted.
This photo was taken today, 1 month after the second tongue tie revision with Dr. Kotlow. If you look closely, you can see the lighter skin (diamond-shaped) where her posterior tongue tie was. Dr. Kotlow took off an additional 1/2″ (deep) by 1/4″ (wide) posterior frenulum. When I run my finger from one side to the other in her mouth now it is a smooth “road” with no “speed bumps.” No can lift her tongue all the way to her palate, and is able to suck better, transferring more breastmilk and thus increasing my milk supply – my nipples are happier too! Most of all, having done the revision I expect her oral and surrounding structures will develop better and she will reap the benefits for the rest of her life. It has been a long road, and because we were unable to get her tongue tie completely revised until she was 5 months old we still have a long road to do (retraining her tongue, healing her gut, etc.) I am blessed to have such a great support system and to have been able to find answers and education. I hope and pray that this information will become more well-known and that more dentists (or other professionals) will become competent and willing to revise tongue ties (specifically posterior tongue ties). In the meantime, maybe you are viewing these pictures and finding your own answers, or simply becoming one more educated person . . . I would not wish anyone go through this, but, I honestly believe God allowed it so that we would become educated and share information and support; I hope you do the same.